Caratterizzazione dell'Acquifero con Metodologie Integrate


CAMI  è un progetto pilota finanziato dall'Unione Europea nell'ambito del Programma LIFE.

CAMI mira a sviluppare un pacchetto integrato di metodologie di riferimento basato su indagini geofisiche, geochimiche e di monitoraggio a livello di bacino idrico, sviluppato nell'ambito della dir. 2000/60/CE.

Le disposizioni sulla protezione delle acque è trattata dalla direttiva 2000/60/CE (direttiva quadro in materia di acque). E' la legislazione fondamentale per la protezione dell'ambiente acquatico europeo che: 


  1. Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale - OGS

  2. Acque del Basso Livenza S.p.A. Servizi Idrici Interregionali

  3. Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche Ambientali e Marine Università degli Studi di Trieste

  4. Università degli studi di Ferrara Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra

  5. TNO

  6. Eurekos S.R.L.

SITO: Torrate di Chions (pn)

MY CONTRIBUTION TO THE PROJECT: Acquisition, processing and interpretation GPR data. Acquisition seismic data.


The GPR data were collected with a GSSI SIR2000 equipped with a 100 MHz monostatic antenna.
I chose that frequency instead of other frequency (400, 200 and 75 MHz) because field tests showed a good compromise between penetration and resolution.
In the study area we carried out 30 GPR parallel profiles, a total of 10 km, in continuous data collection method. In this case one person trailed the radar along the line at constant velocity (normal walking) and the antenna transmitted 32 pulses/second. Along the profiles we fixed the regular marks every 6 m.
In the pre-processing phase I made an interpolation of the data in X-direction on the basis of markers stored into headers data obtaining a new regular intertrace of 10 cm. The time-zero drift correction was calculated shotting the pulse against an obstacle on air at different known distances.
The electromagnetic wave decays rapidly into this ground and to recover the signal amplitude I applied first a spherical divergence then calculated the mean decay curve of all traces and applied its inverse.
Finally a recursive Butterworth bandpass filter with frequency range depending by depth was designed.
To estimate the mean velocities in these zero-offset profiles I applied two methods: the hyperbola best fitting and F-K migration scan. For this soil we average a radar velocity of 7-8 cm/ns.

A section with standard processing (Gain and Butterworth filter).

A Stolt migration with constant velocity about 7 cm/ns produces a good real section.



From the GPR section it's possible to divide the study area in two characteristics type of subsurfaces:
A) Zones with a compact layer
B) Zones with no compact layer but a mix of different kinds of materials.
The first type is characterized by very low penetration and a lot of ringing. It’s possible to attenuate the ringing noise with a 2D spatial filtering but the sections after filter don’t have information about structures.
In the B zones the electromagnetic waves have a good penetration (until 200 ns) and very complex structures are detected. Maybe this soil is a mix of different clays with inside sand lends. Probably these irregular areas are potential pathways for subsuperficial fresh water flux and springs.
Analyzing an old orthophoto made before the trees we can see zones with different colour (dark shadows) reflecting wet materials. The GPR profiles collected show concave reflections joined to these zones. These are ancient depressions or natural channels filled with made ground.


orthophotoancient channal

The white polygon in orthophoto is the GPR survey area. The dark shadows in the field are wet zones. The black line is a GPR profile. The concave reflection is located on a dark shadow: It's an ancient channal.